Times New Roman          Jamie Hall

 

Created in 1542 by a Roman printer named Ludovico Arrighi, the design was based on a condensed type face created by a man called Aldus who based his design on a Chancery hand. It was written quickly to condense the letters but had many faults.

Ludovico’s version was far superior to Aldus’s design and became known as the “Vicento Italic.”

During the sixteenth century, Italic faces became very popular. However, The Vincent Italic was created to be an independent type face. It wasn’t until the late 16th century a man in France called Grandjean attempted to associate italic with a Roman. Later, Fournier, Bodoni and Bakerville followed by cutting italic faces to be used to their equivalent roman fonts.

The italic faces have a hand written feel in them which occurs due to the occasional tail at the end of a lower case letter. There is a strong contrast between thick and thin strokes. The slope of a metallic letter in this font is mechanically regulated to be angled anywhere between 11 and 30 degrees.

However, there is speculation of another origin. In 1987 evidence was found from letters and brass plates that the original origin of the design was from a wooden boat designer called William Starling. He had his own font after a small romance with typography, he sent some hand written letters and numbers too then navy to be cut into brass plates for a project but soon abandoned the project to work with the wright brothers, The only plate ever mad simply said “Number 54.” All evidence was lost during World War 2 but the speculation to his designs been the origin for the famous font still exist.

Times New Roman has become a default type for many things which has made the font very bland. Because it’s so standard it’s become boring and every day. An article by Maggie Korth States:

“Times New Roman has, as we know, become the default type for everything from school term papers to magazines.”

 

 

Gothic

Originally the term Gothic was used to describe the black letters of German Printers. Its contemporary usage had a very simple and bold feel to the letters. There was often no differentiating strokes in the letters and often had the exact same width throughout the letter. The term Gothic was used mainly by early American type founders. The term is now more rare in the English-speaking world but is still very popular in Japan.

 

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_Gothic_typeface#ixzz276mGYXwW

The first appearance of the type face was in 1816 in a book about specimen type by William Carlson. He called this face Egyptian. It appeared again later in 1832 by Vincent Friggins. Who gave it the name “San Serif,” As well by William Therewgood, he called it Grotesque.

However, all these letters are referenced as “Gothic,” as all the tones of these letters were so bold they resembled the intensity of German Black letters.  The Century Gothic face is distinct for its single-storey lowercase “a” and “g.” According to font space.com there are 446 fonts in The Gothic category. There are various styles of Gothic typefaces. They are also sometimes called sans serif or block letter. Gothic fonts should not be confused with Old English or blackletter typefaces.

 

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_Gothic_typeface#ixzz276m27q6S

Reference:

The Art Of Typography by Martin Solomon. Pages; 70 and 73.

http://boingboing.net/2011/08/18/the-questionable-birth-of-times-new-roman.html

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